The 9 Mega Construction Projects in Ghana.
The infrastructural foundation of Ghana has transitioned progressively over the past 20 years, facilitating the nation’s economic and developmental growth. The past year has seen a renewed focus by the government and private sector on infrastructure project such as real estate investment projects, road expansion, rail construction projects among others.
In this article, I will present the 9 most expensive mega construction projects in Ghana. Ghana’s focus on infrastructure growth is aimed at driving socio-economic development and enabling greater productivity within the various sectors of the economy.
Signature Accra ($50 million )
The signature Introduces a stunning collection of luxury apartments set on twin towers crowned with a penthouse. The vibrant development features a sense of finesse which projects a notable mark on the Accra Skyline coupled with spectacular views of the city. The Signature’s Architectural orientation is essentially a work of art unlike any other in the world. Its unique design was inspired by the historic and cultural significance of Ghana’s Adinkra Symbol ‘Mframadan’ denoting resilience, strength, and sturdiness.
The design coherently blends African heritage with complex architectural geometrics. It has open-plan living areas, fully fitted kitchens, exquisite bathrooms, private distinct gardens on each floor overlooking Africa’s capital of cool. The signature’s construction is by the renowned Mitcheletti Limited.
This project has, Rooftop swimming pool, bar Fitness center, steam room Lawn tennis court Ballet, Yoga studio Library Movie Theater, Bowling alley Hair & nail salon and 24 hours security service and Private underground parking, Ground level swimming pool Indoor, outdoor playground, Spa Karaoke studio, Restaurants, Concierge service, Bike rack, Pharmacy, Grocery stores and then Corporate meeting rooms.
Pokuase interchange ($94.8 million )
The Pokuase Interchange is a four-tier interchange situated at Pokuase Junction. It lies on the Nsawam Road and connects the Nsawam Road to the George Walker Bush Highway.
The interchange’s cost is estimated at 94.8 million dollars and funded by the African Development Bank and the Government of Ghana.
Ghana National Cathedral ($100 million)
The National Cathedral of Ghana is a planned interdenominational Christian cathedral scheduled to be built in Accra, the nation’s capital, as part of Ghana’s 60th anniversary celebrations. The design for the cathedral was unveiled by the President of Ghana, Nana Akufo-Addo, in March 2018.
The cathedral will have an auditorium capable of seating 5,000 as well as the requisite chapels, and a baptistery. The site will also house a music school, an art gallery, and a museum dedicated to the Bible.
The design of the cathedral reflects the art and culture of Ghanaian ethnic groups; the high pitched and the staggered roof is reminiscent of Akan-inspired architecture and the facade will be concave and decorated with timber in imitation of Ashanti royal stools. The architect for the project is the British-Ghanaian architect David Adjaye, who also designed the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Obetsebi-Lamptey interchange ($135 million)
The President stated that, with “the Obetsebi-Lamptey circle recording a peak hour traffic volume of approximately 8000 vehicles per hour, with a Level of Service (LOS) of F at peak periods. The government has decided to construct a three-tier Interchange at the Obetsebi-Lamptey circle” to address the situation.
The construction of the Interchange is in two phases. Phase 1 consists of the construction of the East-West flyover and other related works and phase 2 will involve the construction of the third tier flyover on the Ring Road West.
Kumasi International Airport ($300million)
The Kumasi Airport attained its international status but only operated on a regional level with a full complement of security customs and immigration staff in place in 2003, even though it had attained that status, work to upgrade the physical structures were yet to be put in place fully. Kumasi Airport has undergone several rehabilitation and upgrades to become help ensure its status as an international airport. In 2012, initial renovation works were started on the existing facilities to involved patching and filling of cracks on the main runway, construction of additional waiting room and building a car park to make way for future renovation and upgrades targeted for the following year.
In 2013, the Government of Ghana embarked upon a phased development of the Kumasi Airport to provide the requisite infrastructure for safe domestic and international operations to ensure safety and comfort for passengers whilst ensuring Ghana had a fully functioning international airport along with Kotoka International Airport.
Phase 1 works to upgrade the Kumasi Airport to international standard was scheduled to be completed by the end of 2014. The first phase consisted of the rehabilitation of the defective runway and installation of airfield lights and aeronautical ground lights on the runway to facilitate night operations at the airport. The commissioning of Phase 1 which happened in December 2014, was earmarked with a historic first-night landing by then-President John Dramani Mahama. Prior to this upgrade, an Instrument Landing System (ILS) was installed to aid pilots for take-off and land.
Plans to start working on phase 2 which is to cost around €65 million had been decided by November 2016, the project covered mainly the construction of a new two-story ultra-modern terminal of 7,000 square meters of space based on a 400 passenger per hour and an annual passenger traffic forecast of 1,500,000, parking areas and a ring road around the airport. The building is to also include spaces like VVIP and VIP lounges, restaurants, commercial areas, three boarding gates, a central screening system for passengers, and IATA standard baggage handling system, and also offices for the airline companies.
In June 2018, President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo cut another sod for the second phase of the expansion of Kumasi Airport, which is expected to be completed in 24 months. It will see the expansion of the runway from 1,981 meters to 2,300 meters, and the construction of a new terminal building with a capacity of 1 million passengers per year.
In April 2019, the Parliament of Ghana approved a budget of €58.9 million for phase 3 of the development of the Kumasi Airport. Phase 3 includes an extension of the terminal building, a fire station, fire access routes, and an air control tower. The third phase also includes the extension of the car park and the extension of the access roads, an apron extension and a runway strip, and an airside service road. The second and third phases are currently being done concurrently and to be completed in 30 months.
Petronas city ($1 billion)
Petronia City is a 2000-acre master-planned city development project that aims to provide the first fully integrated business hub for West Africa’s oil, gas, mining, financial and educational industries.
The development is close to the Beahun and Yaabew communities in the Ahanta West District of the Western Region of Ghana, where 1467 acres have been acquired approximately 8 kilometers from Takoradi.
Petronia City is a self-sufficient and environmentally friendly city designed to address the infrastructure gap in the Western Region in the wake of the 2007 oil discovery and subsequent increase in social and economic activity. Petronia City will cater to the needs of the oil and gas, mining, financial and government sectors and will provide a hub from which industry-leading companies can expand into the sub-region and beyond.
The project kicked off in October 2013 and will unroll in phases over the next 10 years. Upon completion, the city will house approximately 30,000 residents and will include commercial, residential, civic, industrial, educational, and recreational facilities, providing a unique Live, Work, Play and Learn experience in West Africa.
Marine Drive ($1.2billion)
This new public promenade will be punctuated by three civic anchors, each of which celebrates Ghana’s rich history. At the heart of the promenade will be a new centerpiece public park honouring the forefathers of Ghanaian independence.
The Marine Drive Tourism Investment Project is a 241-acre redevelopment scheme of Accra’s waterfront initiated by Ghana’s Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture. The brief for the project, the origins of which trace back to the country’s independence 60 years ago, called for a scheme that would establish an iconic skyline for Accra and transform the capital’s city centre into a world-class tourism enclave. The Marine Drive will also provide essential infrastructure to support the country’s developing cultural and creative industries.
Adjaye Associates’ plan introduces a new waterfront promenade that reimagines the coast as a vibrant leisure and recreation space. The promenade will extend across the site, creating a seamless link between the capital city’s most celebrated landmarks and unlocking access to the city’s beachfront.. This new public infrastructure will be punctuated by three civic anchors, each of which celebrates Ghana’s rich history.
At the heart of the promenade will be a new centerpiece public park honouring the forefathers of Ghanaian independence. Extending from Independence Square down to the waterfront, this park will culminate in a coastal overlook that offers sweeping, dramatic vistas across this part of the Gulf of Guinea. Anchoring the promenade on East will be The National Concert Hall, a new cultural hub and public convention centre envisioned next to Nkrumah’s monument. Meanwhile, the West end of the promenade will terminate at the rejuvenated and refurbished Osu Castle and grounds.
These three anchors form a framework for subsequent phases of new mixed-use beachfront developments. Together, they will establish a defining skyline for Ghana’s capital and initiate commercial, office, leisure and retail infrastructure aimed at harnessing the tourism sector as a transformative economic force for the benefit of the country and her people.
Accra Monorail is a planned monorail system for Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana. The proposed monorail project would take one year to be completed and would provide over 15,000 jobs during the construction. When completed it is expected to offer over 1,000 full-time jobs to the Ghanaian public.
To prevent the project from succumbing to perennial ills of funding, corruption, build quality and maintenance, the project ought to be a privately run venture under a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model with 70-30% private to government ownership or something similar. I’m of the considered opinion that what needs to be done before the commencement of this project is for the government to commission a major transport infrastructure study of the capital and other major cities such as Kumasi, Tamale and Takoradi.
The study will consider all rail transport options and conduct feasibility assessments in terms of the socio-economic and environmental impacts and subsequently get serious investors to start building and operating the project.
Petroleum refinery project ($60 billion)
The project has two objectives. Its main objective is to provide technical assistance to conduct studies and prepare plans, to rationalize the petroleum refinery to match its production to domestic demand to improve the refinery’s energy and operating efficiency; to reduce losses of crude oil in ocean transport, at the harbor and in the refinery itself; and to improve the product distribution system in the country.
The project’s second objective is to finance equipment and materials already identified and immediately required for rehabilitation and energy efficiency improvement.